What are some
things I can do to help me succeed in Latin?
- Always practice your Latin
trying your best to pronounce the Latin
accurately. If you don't remember what the rules
are for pronouncing Latin, refer to your
pronunciation guide or
print a new
pronunciation guide. (Reading out loud will
help you develop a comfort level with Latin, as
well as stimulating your pre-frontal cortex of
- Study your vocabulary for
5-15 minutes a day.
Use either your own flashcards (good for extra
credit), or use the
- Reread each story at least
preferably. Impress family and friends (or
alternatively, drive them crazy) by reading in
rewriting a story in Latin by changing
characters, locations, etc.
- Practice Latin whenever and wherever you can,
counting in Latin, describing things in Latin,
whatever you are able.
a study buddy. Practicing a language is never
easy on your own, but is much easier with a
friend. Work on assignments together, study
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One of the most important aspects of learning a new language is the
acquisition of vocabulary. It does not happen automatically but requires
time and effort. To make this easier to manage, you should make
vocabulary flashcards for your personal use.
The following demonstrates how you should make your vocabulary flash
cards. Your basic cards should have:
- The Latin vocabulary item in LOWER CASE LETTERS. This actually gives the
word more “shape” and is easier to remember the spelling.
Include macrons/long marks.
- The English meaning
should be on the back.
items you can have on your card:
- English derivatives
- Latin sentences from the
text in which the word appears
- Other forms of the word
(cases or tenses)
- Color coded
Your vocabulary cards should be HAND WRITTEN,
but you can also use
or similar programs. You will need to write some things on your cards
after printing, since this program has its limits. Making them is as much a
part of the process of learning as using them. You will probably want to
do them in PENCIL in case you wish to change derivatives or add forms
You may color-code your vocabulary item, though this is not
necessary. I use the following colors for our class set of cards:
- nouns: black
- verbs: brown
- adjectives: blue
- adverbs: purple
- prepositions: green
- expletives: pink (words with exclamation points following
- pronouns: grey
- conjunctions: orange
- interrogatives: red (question words)
Remember, use your flashcards to study no more than 10-15 minutes at a time.
Use small sets–not all of your cards at one time! Say the word out
loud to yourself because hearing it will help reinforce the spelling of
it. When you feel you know a particular item well, remove that item from
you set and work on the words which give you trouble. Do this a couple
of times a day or more. Seriously.
Good times to review vocabulary for the typical student: in the car
or on the bus on the way to and from school, while waiting for the bus,
while waiting for friends to show up, during commercials when watching
mindless television shows, before you go to bed at night, etc. Score
points with your parents by asking them to help you study your
vocabulary. Pull out your cards and review them any time you are about
to be accused of being lazy by parents or friends.
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Think you can't help your student because you don't know Latin? Think
again! There's plenty you can do to help.
- Review vocabulary with your student.
The required vocabulary is on the
last page of each stage
in the Cambridge Latin Course. Students in Latin 3 studying
from Ecce Romani. ALSO, your student can earn extra credit points
by making flashcards.
- Encourage your student to come visit me
during tutorials OR
to email me at home (use the address at the bottom of the
page). I am always happy to help anyone
- Make your student use
appropriate for his/her class.
These are not only for vocabulary, but for
grammar as well.
- Ask about cultural issues we are studying. We not only
study Latin but the culture of the Romans. Ask your student what
aspect of the culture we are studying, how the Romans are similar to
us and different, etc.